Crystal: A Unified Cache Storage System for Analytical Databases

Crystal: A Unified Cache Storage System for Analytical Databases [PDF]
Dominik Durner, Badrish Chandramouli, Yinan Li
VLDB 2021, 47th International Conference on Very Large Data Bases

Cloud analytical databases employ a disaggregated storage model, where the elastic compute layer accesses data persisted on remote cloud storage in block-oriented columnar formats. Given the high latency and low bandwidth to remote storage and the limited size of fast local storage, caching data at the compute node is important and has resulted in a renewed interest in caching for analytics. Today, each DBMS builds its own caching solution, usually based on file- or block-level LRU. In this paper, we advocate a new architecture of a smart cache storage system called Crystal, that is co-located with compute. Crystal's clients are DBMS-specific "data sources" with push-down predicates. Similar in spirit to a DBMS, Crystal incorporates query processing and optimization components focusing on efficient caching and serving of single-table hyper-rectangles called regions. Results show that Crystal, with a small DBMS-specific data source connector, can significantly improve query latencies on unmodified Spark and Greenplum while also saving on bandwidth from remote storage.

About me


Dominik Durner
Scientific Employee
Technische Universit√§t M√ľnchen (TUM)
Department of Informatics
[email protected]